A Decision-Theoretic Approach to Database Selection in Networked IR
- A Decision-Theoretic Approach to Database Selection in Networked IR
- N. Fuhr
- ACM Transactions on Information Systems
- retrieval models
- resource discovery, PRP
In networked IR, a client submits a query to a broker, which is in contact with a large number of databases. In order to yield a maximum number of documents at minimum cost, the broker has to make estimates about the retrieval cost of each database, and then decide for each database whether or not to use it for the current query, and if, how many documents to retrieve from it. For this purpose, we develop a general decision-theoretic model and discuss different cost structures. Besides cost for retrieving relevant vs. nonrelevant documents, we consider the following parameters for each database: expected retrieval quality, expected number of relevant documents in the database, and cost factors for query processing and document delivery. For computing the overall optimum, a divide-and-conquer algorithm is given. If there are several brokers knowing different databases, a preselection of brokers can only be performed heuristically, but the computation of the optimum can be done similarly to the single broker case. In addition, we derive a formula which estimates the number of relevant documents in a database based on dictionary information.
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